TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRONIC NERVE STIMULATION (TENS)
What is TENS?
TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. It’s a type of therapy physiotherapists use to aid in pain relief.
The base machine can vary, but it is typically a bit larger than your cell phone. This base connects to pads or discs called electrodes, which is the part you place on your skin. The electrodes may or may not be wireless.
These electrodes will be placed on an area of pain, or a pressure point. Once the device is turned on, electric impulses or stimulation is sent into the nerves of that particular area.
This is a non-invasive technique is used to reduce pain, and increase circulation to the treated area. It also promotes the production of your endorphins, which are your body’s natural pain reducers.
The electrical stimulation can be adjusted for frequency and intensity, so your physiotherapist can tailor the treatment specifically to your needs.
Is it safe?
TENS machines are non-invasive, drug-free, and non-addictive. The machine is ultimately controlled by the physiotherapist and client at all times, and is approved by Health Canada and the FDA.
When should it be used?
A TENS machine can be found to help a variety of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions, such as nerve pain, muscle pain, osteoarthritis, sports injuries, menstrual pain, back pain, migraines and more.